Depression commonly manifests physically, through stomach pains, headaches, disrupted or excessive sleep, and motor control difficulty. While the causes of depression are unknown, a predisposition for it runs in families and it can be triggered by trauma and adverse life circumstances. Depression is diagnosed more frequently in women and tends to display differently in women than in men.
People tend to suffer higher rates of depression after giving birth and in late fall. Depression and anxiety often exacerbate each other and people with depression commonly have difficulty concentrating on tasks and conversations. Some people abuse alcohol and drugs or overeat as a way of coping, causing them to develop other medical problems. Depressed people are also at increased risk for self-harm.
Depression is characterized by prolonged emotional symptoms including:
Diagnosing depression involves a psychiatric evaluation and physical tests to determine whether a person’s symptoms are actually being caused by a different disorder. A person must have been experiencing symptoms for at least two weeks to be diagnosed with depression. Every case is unique and requires individual attention, but there are a number of effective complementary ways of treating depression, including:
- Talk therapy
- Adopting a healthier lifestyle
Anxiety manifests in a variety of forms but is commonly characterized by worry, fears about the future, body tension and sometimes panic. Like depression, it can be triggered by trauma or have a connection to a medical problem. Some people also turn to unhealthy coping strategies to deal with anxiety.
Some of the common characteristics of anxiety include:
- Excessive worry or fear
- Physical tension
- Gastro-intestinal concerns
There are effective ways of improving both depression and anxiety. At Grasta we are trained to assist you to overcome these struggles and learn skills you can use throughout life.